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How Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) Operates In Ghana


The Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) is the main examination to qualify students for admission into secondary and vocational schools in Ghana.

It is written after three years of junior high school education. It is administered by the Ghana Education Service under the Ministry of Education.

It is administered by the state ministry of education in each state under the supervision of the National Examinations Council (NECO). NECO directly organizes examinations for Unity Schools, Armed Forces Secondary Schools and other Federal Government schools. Candidates in the third year of junior high schools approved by the Ghana Education Service are eligible for the examination. It is conducted annually in June.

Tested Subjects:

English Language
Integrated Science
Social Studies
Religious and Moral Education


Ghanaian language (any Ghanaian language offered at candidate’s school)
Basic Design and Technology
Information Communication and Technology


Schools approved by the Ghana Education Service or NECO are eligible to register students for the BECE each year. The six-week entry period begins in October and ends in November. Participating schools upload their Statement of Entries and School Choice Files via the Internet for processing. Continuous Assessment Scores are submitted to the Council on compact discs.

Candidate Grading And Selection:

The examination consists of multiple-choice and written questions, and Continuous (Internal) Assessment marks provided by the schools. In Ghana, candidates are graded on a nine-point scale, with Grade 1 for highest performance and Grade 9 for lowest.

From 2017–Date, Candidates in Nigeria have been graded on a non-linear 5 point scale from

A(Distinction) The highest grade
B(Upper Credit)
C(Lower Credit)
F(Fail) The lowest grade.
Before 2017, it was graded on a non-linear 4 point scale:

A(Distinction) The highest grade
F(Fail) The lowest grade

The Ghana Education Service uses its Computerized School Selection and Placement System to place successful BECE examinees in senior high schools, technical institutes and vocational institutions. In Nigeria, each school determines the appropriate placement of students in either Science, Arts, Commercial or vocational study tracks based on their BECE results.

Review Of Scripts:

Scripts (graded tests) are kept for three months, then destroyed. During this time, they may be examined, for a fee, though by the authorization of a school’s head or its accredited representative.


Certificates for successful candidates are produced within a month after results are released, and are sent to schools for collection by individual candidates. Certificates lost or damaged after collection are not replaced.

Confirmation Of Results

Candidates who lose their certificates may confirm their results to prospective employers and educational institutions

Attestation Of Results

Candidates who lose their certificates may also request for attestation of their results.

Further Information/Enquires

All enquiries about the Basic Education Certificate Examination may be directed to the Deputy Registrar/ Controller, National Examinations Administration Department on telephone numbers,(233) 302-208201-9 or